Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States (1861–1865).
Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, the second child of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, in poverty in a log cabin and was raised on the frontier primarily in Indiana.
He was self-educated and became a lawyer, Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator, and U.S. Congressman from Illinois.
During the American Civil War, Lincoln led the nation through its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.
He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the U.S. economy.
In 1849 Lincoln returned to his law practice but became vexed by the opening of additional lands to slavery as a result of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
In 1854 Abraham Lincoln reentered politics, becoming a leader in the new Republican Party, and he reached a national audience in the 1858 debates against Stephen Douglas.
Abraham Lincoln ran for President in 1860, sweeping the North in victory.
Pro-slavery elements in the South equated his success with the North’s rejection of their right to practice slavery, and southern states began seceding from the union.
To secure its independence, the new Confederate States of America fired on Fort Sumter, a U.S. fort in the South, and Lincoln called up forces to suppress the rebellion and restore the Union.
As the leader of moderate Republicans, Abraham Lincoln had to navigate a contentious array of factions with friends and opponents on both sides.
War Democrats rallied a large faction of former opponents into his moderate camp, but they were countered by Radical Republicans, who demanded harsh treatment of the Southern traitors.
Anti-war Democrats called “Copperheads” despised him, and irreconcilable pro-Confederate elements plotted his assassination. Lincoln managed the factions by exploiting their mutual enmity, by carefully distributing political patronage, and by appealing to the American.
Lincoln Gettysburg Address became a historic clarion call for nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy.
Abraham Lincoln scrutinized the strategy and tactics in the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade of the South’s trade.
Lincoln suspended habeas corpus, and he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair.
Abraham Lincoln engineered the end to slavery with his Emancipation Proclamation and his order that the Army protect escaped slaves.
He also encouraged border states to outlaw slavery, and promoted the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which outlawed slavery across the country.
Lincoln managed his own successful re-election campaign. He sought to reconcile the war-torn nation by exonerating the secessionists. On April 14, 1865, just days after the war’s end at Appomattox, he was enjoying a night at the theatre with his wife Mary when he was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer and spy John Wilkes Booth.
Abraham Lincoln had four sons, two of whom preceded him in death, with severe emotional impact upon him and Mary.
Lincoln is remembered as the United States’ martyr hero, and he is consistently ranked as the greatest U.S. president.
30 Abraham Lincoln’s best quotes1. Character is like a tree and reputation like a shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 2. Common looking people are the best in the world: that is the reason the Lord makes so many of them. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 3. A house divided against itself cannot stand. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 4. I have always found that mercy bears richer fruits than strict justice. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 5. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory will swell when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better… Click To Tweet 6. As our case is new, we must think and act anew. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 7. Be sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 8. A woman is the only thing I am afraid of that I know will not hurt me. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 9. A friend is one who has the same enemies as you have. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 10. I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am not bound to succeed, but I am bound to live by the light that I have. I must stand with anybody that stands right, and stand with him while he is right, and part with him when… Click To Tweet 11. I don't like that man. I must get to know him better. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 12. Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 13. I will prepare and some day my chance will come. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 14. I'm a slow walker, but I never walk back. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 15. If I had eight hours to chop down a tree, I'd spend six hours sharpening my axe. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 16. It is better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open one's mouth and remove all doubt. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 17. I don't know who my grandfather was; I'm much more concerned to know what his grandson will be. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 18. The best way to destroy an enemy is to make him a friend. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 19. The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew and act anew. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 20. There is nothing true anywhere, The true is nowhere to be seen; If you say you see the true, This seeing is not the true one. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 21. Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 22. Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 23. All my life I have tried to pluck a thistle and plant a flower wherever the flower would grow in thought and mind. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 24. The best thing about the future is that it comes one day at a time. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 25. If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one? By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 26. With educated people, I suppose, punctuation is a matter of rule; with me it is a matter of feeling. But I must say I have great respect for the semi-colon; it's a useful little chap. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 27. In the end, it's not the years in your life that count. It's the life in your years. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 28. Things may come to those who wait but only the things left by those who hustle. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 29. Whatever you are, be a good one. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet 30. Sir, my concern is not whether God is on our side; my greatest concern is to be on God's side, for God is always right. By : Abraham Lincoln Click To Tweet
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